BP 160/90, female patient 45 years old

This post is part of case discussion section for informing and improving the patients management. Today I received a patient with hypertension and was having symptoms like headache. I tried to discuss the case with various doctors of different departments and hospitals and would like to share my experience and their opinions. This is a … Continue reading BP 160/90, female patient 45 years old

Do eye drops expire

Eye drops are pharmacological compounds which are available in liquid form for direct usage on eyes instead of systemic medicines. Benefit? well this way maximum medicine is available directly to the eyes, in minimum time duration too! However, it’s important to understand that they’re still just a medicine and might have similar limitations and risk … Continue reading Do eye drops expire

First Ebola victim in Pakistan – Fake Rumor

Sorry to ruin your evening, the new is fake. Yes you heard it right, the news about the “Trusted” media and “trusted” website probably ran by kids who don’t know how to confirm some news is Fake. First ebola patient in Pakistan – was false news I’m seriously sick of people confused about ebola’s first … Continue reading First Ebola victim in Pakistan – Fake Rumor

Thrombolytic vs Fibrinolytic vs Anticoagulant agents

There is sometimes confusion among medical students that what’s the difference between the thrombolytic agents, fibrinolytic agents and the anticoagulants. In this article we’ll study the difference between them and also learn which drugs or agents perform each of these actions. Lets check out what are these blood thinners and what’s the difference between each … Continue reading Thrombolytic vs Fibrinolytic vs Anticoagulant agents

Drugs used in VT and SVT

This post simply summarizes drugs used in ventricular tachycardia and supra-ventricular tachycardia. Note: this post is meant to give a brief quick review for when to use amiodrone, verapamil, lidocaine and adenosine. Drugs used in Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) Lidocaine: It’s drug of choice in post MI ventricular tachycardia. Amiodrone: amiodrone can be given in both … Continue reading Drugs used in VT and SVT

Pollen allergy season in Islamabad, Pakistan

March and April are the months of pollen allergy in Islamabad, Pakistan. The influx of patients to the emergency department with aggravated asthma in these months is too high. P.I.M.S (Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences) has set up a seperate allergy clinic for asthma allergy patients in emergency to manage the patients as soon as … Continue reading Pollen allergy season in Islamabad, Pakistan

Significance of eosinophils in allergic reactions

Various cell lines and their variations in complete blood picture has their significance in determining the type of infection or reaction going on in the body. Eosinophils are usually indicative of any allergic reaction going on in the body. Significance of eosinophils in allergic reactions Eosinophils are generally associated with antigen-antibody reactions taking place int … Continue reading Significance of eosinophils in allergic reactions

What is meant by “shift to left” of neutrophils

Have you ever heard “shift to left” in diagnostic criteria of some disease (e.g appendicits – mantrels scoring system). Let’s discuss what’s exactly meant by this term, shift to left. What is meant by left shift neutrophils First of all we need to have a brief background. Less mature neutrophils are called bands or stabs … Continue reading What is meant by “shift to left” of neutrophils

Neutrophils count in bacterial and viral infections

Although not applicable in all cases, neutrophils count in acute infection can be indicative of a bacterial or a viral infection. Note as I mentioned it’s not applicable in all cases and all patients. So use this as supportive finding along with other findings to come up to the conclusion while diagnosing a patient with … Continue reading Neutrophils count in bacterial and viral infections