Once you’re in hospital, doctors has several ways to bring your blood pressure to normal limits easily but what if you’re home, without any medicine, and need to bring your blood pressure within normal limits ?
Well there are several remedies to lower down your blood pressure at home in an emergency situation which we’ll be sharing in this post.
How to manage high blood pressure at home in emergency
Please note, tips to lower down your blood pressure in this post aren’t meant to replace specialist consultation and hospital visit in any circumstances. Please visit your nearest hospital whenever possible in case of hypertension as it may have serious outcomes.
Check blood pressure and make sure
First of all, once you find out high blood pressure, note it down in a notebook with date and time with it.
Check the blood pressure of the patient using a sphygmomanometer.
Sphygmomanometer is the bp apparatus, used to measure blood pressure. It can be manual one that requires you to have a stethescope too, or a digital one that tells the blood pressure itself by cuffing it around the arm above elbow or at wrist and turning it on, depending upon the type of the bp apparatus.
Make sure that the patient is having high blood pressure, as lowering the blood pressure when it’s not high may result in hypotension, abnormally lowered blood pressure and that can lead to serious complications too, including death.
So make sure that your patient is having high blood pressure and if you don’t have a bp apparatus device at home then take them to the nearest clinic or hospital to get it checked as soon as possible.
Drink lots of water to lower blood pressure in hypertension
Secondly, drink WATER. lots and lots of it. Drinking plenty of water, going to washroom and urinate, and then repeating, is one of the best ways to bring down blood pressure at home if no medication is available or possibility to take the patient to the hospital is not there.
Note that don’t give the bottled water like nestle and others containing sugar in them (yes they do, and sugar is contraindicated in high blood pressure state).
Water is an emergency blood pressure lowering agent. It might not work to lower the blood pressure when it’s “too” high, but still lowers it to a certain degree.
When ever you have high blood pressure and don’t have any antihypertensive medication around you, start drinking water. Lots and lots of it, once glass after another. After 4-8 glass of water you will definitely feel an urge to urinate.
Recheck your blood pressure after urinating and keep on having water.
Intake of extra water causes kidneys to filter out the excess water from the body, which infact also takes out the salt from the body leading to lowering of blood pressure.
This tip is tried by me personally on my patients and it really works when we’re out of medications at home or at some place.
There are other tips around on the internet too but haven’t tested them or heard them from any reliable source so will prefer not sharing them.
Please note, don’t give water to a patient when he is unconscious or semi conscious as it may go in his respiratory tract and cause serious complications.
Avoid Salts and Sugars
Stop giving salt, salty stuff and sugar plus sugary stuff to the patient.
Well salt is an obvious one, it elevates the blood pressure, however many people don’t know that sugar does the similar thing too. Sugar elevates the blood pressure too, so if a patient is taking care otherwise but taking sugary and sweet drinks and other stuff, then their blood pressure is going to shoot, specially if they’re prone to blood pressure rise.
Start taking antihypertensive medication or adjust the previous ones
Take the patient to the doctor as soon as possible and get their medication adjusted if they were already taking the medicine. If they were never taking it, get it started. The doctor will explain you regarding any prerequisites or tests required for your patient. It’s important not only to control blood pressure before any surgery but also during routine life too, as abnormal blood pressure and hypertension can lead to many complications, including death.
Doctor may ask you to get bp charting done for a week at least too before starting the medicine. Simply follow whatever the cardiologist suggests.
Remember, not to wait for the home remedies to lower blood pressure to kick in and lower it for you. Get the medicine and get the blood pressure in control as soon as possible and then start shifting to blood pressure lowering remedies and the natural ways to lower blood pressure if you want to, while keeping the blood pressure in control.
Never go for self medication
Regarding self medication, remember, never take any medicine on your own and without getting the blood pressure checked, as abnormally lowered blood pressure can be damaging and can even cause death too.